Drug Testing in the Media
IPA officers have long been aware of the tremendous impact of urine based drug tests on the lives of IPA members. Indeed, the paruresis population faced the “perfect storm” when President Nixon started drug testing returning Viet Nam War veterans in the 1970’s and President Reagan expanded drug testing to American civilians in the 1980’s. At one time, some 80% of American companies were using some kind of urine based drug testing for employment and/or random screening of employees.
Today, the rate of drug testing has declined to 60% of American companies due to the testing costs, employee discontent, and time lost in fighting legal challenges. In one notable case in 1994, a medical doctor with paruresis was fired from his job with a hospital after he was unable to provide a urine specimen. He warned them about his shy bladder prior to the test but was assured things could be worked out afterward. He was unable to provide a urine sample, his employment was terminated, and then he sued for damages due to his lost medical practice. He was awarded ¼ million dollars in actual and punitive damages by a jury who noted that the inability to provide a urine specimen did not equate to a refusal to take a drug test.
INTERNATIONAL PARURESIS ASSOCIATION
P.O. Box 21237
Catonsville, MD 21228
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Shy Bladder, Bashful Bladder, Pee Shy
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This website is NOT a substitute for medical or legal advice and does not constitute the practice of law, medicine, psychiatry, clinical psychology, clinical social work, or any other mental health profession. If you are having trouble urinating, you should always contact a physician since difficulty with voiding can be a symptom of a serious medical condition. We are a group of professional people and people who have suffered with paruresis. We have assembled a board and a board of advisors to help people cope with urinary dysfunction that has a psychological or social origin. On this website, we are NOT practicing medicine, psychiatry, clinical psychology, clinical social work or any other mental health profession. You should have your doctor evaluate your condition before diagnosing yourself, and seek the appropriate necessary mental health counseling if warranted. IPA, Inc. disclaims any and all legal liability whatsoever.