Research Results

A Summary of Results from the Australian-based, Global Internet Paruresis (Shy Bladder) Survey, conducted in 2004.

Reviewed by the researcher, Russell Gibbs

Paruresis (Shy Bladder Syndrome) is the inability to urinate with others present, a relatively common, but poorly researched and little understood, specific social phobia. In the largest paruresis study performed to date, 264 adult paruretic males aged 18 –80 completed a global, anonymous Internet survey over a 4 month period in 2004.

The sample was well distributed demographically, representing diverse social strata and geographical location. Seventy percent were university educated, comprising 44% undergraduate and 26% post-graduate, the remaining 30% having trade qualifications and a variety of educational and training backgrounds. Approximately half the sample was either married or de-facto (44%), divorced or separated (6%), or widowed, and the remainder (49%) were single. Fifty-one percent were employed full time, 5% part-time, 13% self-employed, 7% unemployed, and 17% were students. Country of residence representations comprised 50 from Australia and New Zealand, 120 from North America, 8 from Europe, 55 from United Kingdom, 12 from Canada, and 19 from other nations. The diverse population from over 20 countries also included Finland, Switzerland, China, Malaysia, India, British Columbia, Brazil, and Iceland.

Scale to Measure Paruresis
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