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Welcome to the official IPA (International Paruresis Association) website.

This site is provided as a resource for people who find it difficult or impossible to urinate in the presence of others, either in their own home or in public facilities. Also, for people who have difficulty under the stress of time pressure, when being observed, when others are close by and might hear them, or when traveling on moving vehicles.

YOU ARE NOT ALONE. In fact, recent studies show that about seven percent (7%) of the public, or 21 million Americans (220 million worldwide), may suffer from this social anxiety disorder. Often referred to as Pee-Shy, Shy-Bladder, Bashful Bladder, etc., avoidant paruresis is nothing to be ashamed of, and you have made an important step simply by coming to this website.

Inside you will find helpful information on support groups, support seminars (workshops), and even drug therapy. There is also a useful and friendly discussion board where you can share your problems and success — or just “listen in” — with others who have the same problem as you.

Please enjoy your visit to the IPA website. We hope it will enlighten you and help with overcoming avoidant paruresis. Also consider joining and/or making a contribution to the IPA in the near future.